No programming language or technology is better than the others — some are just better suited to solving specific tasks.
Front-End development has a brief but eventful and rapid history. The first websites looked like newspapers, only electronic, you could only read them, and advanced functionality and user interaction were not even on the table. Soon enough, there appeared a need to "animate" the pages, make them dynamic, and add buttons that would respond to clicks, and this marked the beginning of the "classic era" of Front-End.
- React is the most flexible framework of the three allowing you to freely select tools. However, the developer must understand what tools are best suited for each particular case to avoid making critical errors.
- Angular, on the other hand, strictly declares the rules for writing an application. While this helps to avoid confusion, it also limits the freedom of choice.
- Vue is a kind of mix that combines the best practices of both above frameworks.
Evolution and new dimensions of the term "Front-End developer".
- HTML coders stood at the origins of front-end development and were directly responsible for page layout. They work with CSS, HTML, etc. Even today, HTML coders are in demand as many resources use another technology for the backend, so the customer needs work done only with the portion that users see.
- Front-End developer is the next level, where specialists no longer focus exclusively on the layout but work with frameworks, know the specifics of browsers, including mobile ones, build process logic, and create designs that perform as desired by the customer.
- A mobile application developer is an offshoot of the previous specialization. Mobile developers work with React Native, Ionic, and other technologies to create applications for mobile platforms. Sometimes, customers opt to write mobile applications in JS, which allows them to avoid developing separate apps for Android and iOS. While this approach can save money, it may not always be the most effective solution.
Advice for beginners on their future careers:
- The basic level of a beginner for all the above positions means that you know data types and conditional statements, how to write loops and work with functions, arrays, and objects. Later, you will learn to build more advanced applications based on this knowledge. Although frameworks can save you from studying some things in depth, do not overlook the basics.
- Select the specialization you want to pursue and research prerequisites for it on job websites and professional communities. This way you'll get an idea of the current requirements for professionals in the market.
- Concentrate on a select few sources of information; for example, choose one developer and follow their blog. The reason behind this advice is quite straightforward: the Internet is overflowing with information, and some resources contradict each other.
- Enlist the support of a mentor. By the way, EPAM University offers such an opportunity to its students. This approach is certainly beneficial for beginners as it allows them to seek guidance and draw on the expertise of more experienced colleagues rather than blunder on their own.
- If you don't have a LinkedIn account yet, create one and update it regularly.
Links to useful self-study materials on YouTube and other platforms: